Manufacturer Zn Coating Disc Magnet NdFeB Magnet Manufacturer
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Manufacturer Zn Coating Disc Magnet NdFeB Magnet Manufacturer

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Neodymium magnets, known scientifically as NdFeB or neodymium-iron-boron magnets, are the strongest type of permanent magnet commercially available and are a key component in modern technology. Here’s a breakdown of their key characteristics:

Composition

NdFeB magnets are composed of neodymium, iron, and boron. This combination forms a crystalline structure known as Nd2Fe14B, which provides their high magnetic strength.

Magnetic Properties

  • High Magnetic Strength: Neodymium magnets have the highest available magnetic field strength among all permanent magnets, which allows for greater performance in a smaller size.

  • High Energy Product: They can achieve very high energy product values (the maximum energy density a magnet can store), making them extremely efficient at storing and transferring energy.

  • High Coercivity: They also exhibit high coercivity, meaning they resist demagnetization well, crucial in applications involving high magnetic fields or temperatures.

Physical Properties

  • Brittleness: Despite their strength, neodymium magnets are mechanically brittle and can fracture under stress or if handled improperly.

  • Density: They are relatively dense, heavier than ceramic or ferrite magnets, reflecting their metal content.

Thermal Properties

  • Low Curie Temperature: Neodymium magnets have relatively low Curie temperatures compared to ferrite magnets, typically around 310 to 400°C. This limits their use in high-temperature applications without specific stabilization or protective measures.

  • Thermal Coefficients: They have negative thermal coefficients, meaning their magnetic properties decrease with an increase in temperature. Special grades, however, are designed to withstand higher temperatures.

Chemical Properties

  • Corrosion Sensitivity: NdFeB magnets are susceptible to corrosion, especially in humid environments, because they contain iron. To prevent corrosion, these magnets are usually coated with materials such as nickel, zinc, or epoxy.

Manufacturing and Processing

  • Sintered and Bonded Forms: Neodymium magnets are available in two forms: sintered and bonded. Sintered magnets offer stronger magnetic properties and are typically used in precise and high-performance applications; bonded magnets, made from a mixture of magnetic powder and a binding agent, are less powerful but can be made into intricate shapes and sizes.

  • Machinability: Sintered neodymium magnets are difficult to machine and must generally be shaped during the manufacturing process before they are magnetized.

Cost

  • Higher Cost: They are more expensive than ceramic and some other types of magnets due to the cost of raw materials and processing. However, the high performance justifies the cost in many applications.

Applications

Neodymium magnets are extensively used in various applications where strong permanent magnets are required, such as in electric motors, hard disk drives, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electric vehicles, and many other areas of advanced technology.

These characteristics make NdFeB magnets highly valuable and versatile in many modern technological applications, where high performance and compact design are critical.


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SDM Magnetics is one of the most integrative magnet manufacturers in China. Main products : Permanent magnet,Neodymium magnets,Motor stator and rotor, Sensor resolvert and magnetic assemblies.
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