Characteristics of stator of permanent magnet motor
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Characteristics of stator of permanent magnet motor

Views: 0     Author: SDM     Publish Time: 2024-04-18      Origin: Site


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The stator in a permanent magnet motor is a critical component and has several important characteristics. Here are the key features:

  1. Construction Material: The stator typically consists of laminations of electrical grade steel. These laminations are stacked together to form a core that helps reduce eddy current losses, which are parasitic currents that can cause excessive heat and reduced efficiency.

  2. Windings: Copper wire is commonly used for the windings around the stator. These windings are where the electrical energy is converted into magnetic energy. The windings can be arranged in various configurations, such as star (Y) or delta (Δ), depending on the application and desired electrical characteristics.

  3. Slot Design: The stator contains slots for the windings. The design of these slots can affect the motor's electromagnetic performance, including its efficiency, torque, and heat generation. Different slot numbers and geometries are used based on specific performance requirements.

  4. Insulation: Proper insulation is crucial to prevent short circuits between the winding wire and the steel core or between different turns of the wire. High-temperature insulation materials are used to withstand operational stresses.

  5. Pole Number: The number of poles in the stator must complement the rotor’s poles to ensure effective operation. More poles can mean smoother operation but typically result in a lower running speed.

  6. Cooling System: Stators are often equipped with a cooling system to manage heat build-up, which can be detrimental to motor performance and longevity. This system may include built-in fans, cooling fins, or passages for liquid cooling.

  7. Mounting and Enclosure: The design of the stator includes features for mounting inside the motor housing and often contributes to the structural integrity of the motor itself. The enclosure can also provide protection from environmental factors like moisture and dust.

Understanding these characteristics can help in optimizing a motor for specific applications, ensuring better performance, durability, and efficiency.


SDM Magnetics is one of the most integrative magnet manufacturers in China. Main products : Permanent magnet,Neodymium magnets,Motor stator and rotor, Sensor resolvert and magnetic assemblies.
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