Working Principle of Motor Stators
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Working Principle of Motor Stators

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The motor stator is a critical component in both AC (alternating current) and DC (direct current) motors, providing the stationary part of the electromagnetic circuit. Here's how the stator typically functions in an electric motor:

Construction

The stator typically consists of a cylindrical frame and an electrically conductive winding or permanent magnets. In AC motors, the winding is often made of tightly coiled copper or aluminum wire.

Function

  • Magnetic Field Creation: In AC motors, when an AC current passes through the stator windings, it generates a rotating magnetic field. This field is essential for the basic operation of the motor.

  • Interaction with Rotor: The rotor (the moving part of the motor) is placed inside the stator. The rotor has conductors or permanent magnets. The magnetic field generated by the stator induces a current in the rotor through electromagnetic induction (in the case of induction motors) or reacts with the magnets (in the case of permanent magnet motors).

  • Torque Production: The interaction between the magnetic fields of the stator and the rotor produces force on the rotor, causing it to turn. The direction and speed of the rotor can be controlled by modifying the frequency and phase of the current flowing through the stator.

Variations by Motor Type

  • Induction Motors: The stator generates a rotating magnetic field that induces an electric current in the rotor, creating another magnetic field which interacts with the stator field to produce motion.

  • Synchronous Motors: The rotor speed synchronizes with the frequency of the AC current; the stator’s magnetic field interacts directly with a magnetic field fixed in the rotor.

  • Brushless DC Motors: These motors use a controller to change the phases in the stator windings, creating a rotating field that interacts with magnets in the rotor.

The design and operation of the stator can vary depending on the specific type of motor and its application, but its primary role in creating the necessary magnetic field for motor operation remains fundamental.


motor stators


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SDM Magnetics is one of the most integrative magnet manufacturers in China. Main products : Permanent magnet,Neodymium magnets,Motor stator and rotor, Sensor resolvert and magnetic assemblies.
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